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The Next Challenge For X-Ray Counterfeit Detection: Electronic Equipment

June 29, 2016.

Dr. Bill Cardoso


Bill Cardoso, Ph.D., is the Chief Executive Officer and founder of Creative Electron. A native of Brazil, Bill came to the US in 1998 as a 'guest engineer' at the US Department of Energy's renowned Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), one of the leading research institutions for high energy and nuclear physics. In a nine year career at Fermilab and starting with an associate electronics degree earned in Brazil at age 13, Bill took on significant project, personnel, and budget responsibilities while at the same time earning MS and PhD degrees from the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) and an MBA from the University of Chicago.

After leaving Fermilab as Department Head for Electronic Systems Engineering, Bill moved to California to become the VP of Technology at the government contracting firm he eventually acquired from the estate of the founder to create Creative Electron in 2008. An industry thought leader, Bill has been recognized as IIT's 2011 Outstanding Young Alumnus Awardee for his contributions to science and technology. He is also a Senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Surface Mount Technology Association (SMTA), American Physics Society (APS), and the International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE). Bill is a holder of several patents in the areas of radiation detection, radiography, and quality inspection.

Bill is an active member of his community and is part of the technical committee of several conferences including the SMTA/CALCE Component Counterfeit Conference, SMTA International, Components for Military and Space Electronics Conference, SPIE Photonics, and the IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium. Bill serves in the G19 committee writing the standards for counterfeit detection for the aerospace and defense markets. He is also a reviewer of academic proposals for the Department of Energy, Department of Homeland Security, and National Science Foundation. He is the author of over 120 technical publications, a contributor to 2 books, and is a frequent speaker at technical conferences on radiography and optical inspection worldwide.


For the past years our R&D team has presented new algorithms and technologies related to the use of x-ray inspection to identify counterfeit electronic components. Although a critical part of the electronic industry's value chain, single components are not the only target of criminal enterprises. This year our presentation will focus on another equally important stage of the value chain: electronic equipment. The work presented reflects research and development of hardware, software, and algorithms needed to perform x-ray inspection of routers, switches, and other high monetary value equipment. In specific, we will focus on a case study where a number of Cisco routers and switches that were not only counterfeited, but also replaced with other electronics. X-ray images of these devices will be presented, as well as the algorithms utilized to assess the authenticity of these equipment.

About Creative Electron

Creative Electron was founded in 2008 with a simple mission: to build the best x-ray inspection systems in the world. We spent our first few years in business focusing on technology development and building our intellectual property portfolio. During this period we worked with several government agencies on solving challenging problems in homeland security and defense. These experiences helped us to further develop the technologies that eventually ended up in our TruView X-Ray inspection systems.