Green Energy and Intelligent Transportation, 2024, 100162, ISSN 2773-1537, DOI:

Digital Twin Modeling Method for Lithium-ion Batteries Based on Data-mechanism Fusion Driving

Chao Lyua, Shaochun Xua, Junfu Lib, and Michael G. Pechtc
aSchool of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, Heilongjiang, China
bSchool of Automotive Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai 264209, Shandong, China
cCenter for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering (CALCE), University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

For more information about this article and related research, please contact Prof. Michael G. Pecht.


Lithium-ion batteries have been rapidly developed as clean energy sources in many industrial fields, such as new energy vehicles and energy storage. The core issues hindering their further promotion and application are reliability and safety. A digital twin model that maps onto the physical entity of the battery with high simulation accuracy helps to monitor internal states and improve battery safety. This work focuses on developing a digital twin model via a mechanism-data-driven parameter updating algorithm to increase the simulation accuracy of the internal and external characteristics of the full-time domain battery under complex working conditions. An electrochemical model is first developed with the consideration of how electrode particle size impacts battery characteristics. By adding the descriptions of temperature distribution and particle-level stress, a multi-particle size electrochemical-thermal-mechanical coupling model is established. Then, considering the different electrical and thermal effect among individual cells, a model for the battery pack is constructed. A digital twin model construction method is finally developed and verified with battery operating data.

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