Applied Energy, Volume 349, 2023, 121674, ISSN 0306-2619, DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2023.121674

Evaluation of the Safety Standards System of Power Batteries for Electric Vehicles in China

Quanqing Yua, Yuwei Niea, Simin Pengb, Yifan Miaob, Chengzhi Zhaia, Runfeng Zhanga, Jinsong Hana, Shuo Zhaoa, and Michael G. Pechtc
a School of Automotive Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai, Shandong 264209, China
b School of Electrical Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng, Jiangsu 224051, China
c Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering (CALCE), University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA

For more information about this article and related research, please contact Prof. Michael G. Pecht.


In recent years, electric vehicle safety incidents related to batteries have occurred frequently enough to question the adequacy of the current international safety standards. As the world's leading producer of batteries for electric vehicles, China has thus formulated its own national standards, but there are questions as to the unique value of these standards. This review paper analyzes the Chinese safety standards from the perspective of the battery materials, cells, modules, battery systems, battery management systems, and vehicles. The findings from the analysis of the Chinese standards is used to provide suggestions for building better international battery safety standards with recommendations for different battery levels, battery life cycle design and emerging battery technologies.

This article is available online here and to CALCE Consortium Members for personal review.

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