Applied Physics B, 127, 43, Feb 2021, DOI: 10.1007/s00340-021-07590-0

Thermal and Optical Performance of Cryogenically-Cooled Laser Diode Bars Mounted on Pin Finned Microcoolers

K. J. Kim1, B. Han2, and A. Bar-Cohen2
1 Mechanical Design Engineering, Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea
2Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering (CALCE), University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA


This study investigates the thermal performance of cryogenic micro-pin fin coolers for high-power laser diode (LD) bars. An open-loop liquid nitrogen cooling system, used to operate LD bars at cryogenic temperatures, is developed and characterized. The comparison study demonstrates that the total thermal resistance value of the micro-pin fin cooler, ranging from 0.03 to 0.04 °C/W, is only 1/3 of that of the micro-gap cooler and, thus, contributes significantly to reducing the LD operating temperature and enhancing its efficiency. In this study, the peak optical power of 68.8 W was observed at an LD bar package base temperature of − 100 °C, providing a 20% increase relative to the optical power of 57.3 W for a nominal operating condition with an LD bar package base temperature of 41 °C. This result clearly illustrates the enhancement in optical performance made possible by cryogenic cooling with a pin fin microcooler.

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