Journal of Power Sources, vol. 484, p. 229246, February 2021, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2020.229246

Role of the Rest Period in Capacity Fade of Graphite/LiCoO2 Batteries

Saurabh Saxena1, Yan Ning2, Rick Thompson2 and Michael G. Pecht1

1 Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
2 Dell Technologies, Round Rock, TX, USA


Degradation of lithium-ion batteries is known to be affected by various operational and environmental conditions, including temperature, discharge and charge C-rates, and depth of discharge. Another factor is the open rest period, which occurs in all laptops, smartphones, and electric vehicles that are kept connected to a charger, even after the battery is fully charged. This paper investigates the effects of the rest period after full charge on the capacity degradation behavior of graphite/LiCoO2 pouch batteries under four different ambient temperatures. The interplay between rest time, battery state of charge, and number of cycles is investigated to explain the capacity fade trends. A capacity fade trend model is then developed and applied to the experimental data, and the applicability of rest time as an accelerating stress factor for lithium-ion battery testing is presented.

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