Journal of Materials Science, 55(22), 9655-9664, May 2020:

Volumetric effective cure shrinkage measurement of dual curable adhesives by ?ber Bragg grating sensor

Sukrut Prashant Phansalkara, Changsu Kima, Bongtae Hana, and Przemyslaw Jakub Gromalab
a Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
b Robert Bosch GmbH, Reliability Modeling and System Optimization (AE/EDT3), Reutlingen 72703, Germany


A robust optical strain sensor, called fiber Bragg grating, is employed to measure the effective cure shrinkage - a part of cure shrinkage that is accumulated only after the gel point - of a dual cure adhesive during each stage of curing (1) UV-curing stage and (2) thermal-curing stage. Unique experimental setups and procedures are developed and implemented to cope with the technical challenges associated with each stage of curing, including gel point detection and uniform curing. The effective cure shrinkage is measured to be 2.1% and 0.78% for acrylate compound (UV-curing) and two epoxy compounds (thermal-curing), respectively. The measurement accuracy of the proposed approach is corroborated by an additional measurement under the identical curing condi-tions. The results can be used to predict the cure-induced residual stresses of dual curable adhesives.

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