Measurement, Vol. 152, February 2020, DOI:10.1016/j.measurement.2019.107331

Multiple Wavelet Regularized Deep Residual Networks for Fault Diagnosis

Minghang Zhao 1, Baoping Tang 1, Lei Deng 1, and Michael Pecht 2
1 State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
2 Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA


As an emerging deep learning method, deep residual networks are gradually becoming popular in the research field of machine fault diagnosis. A significant task in deep residual network-based fault diagnosis is to prevent overfitting, which is often a major reason for low diagnostic accuracy when there is insufficient training data. This paper develops a multiple wavelet regularized deep residual network (MWR-DRN) model that uses one wavelet basis function (WBF) as the primary WBF and other WBFs as the auxiliary WBFs. “Regularized” means that a constraint or restriction is applied to yield a high performance on the testing data. To be specific, the developed MWR-DRN model is trained not only by the 2D matrices from the primary WBF, but also by the 2D matrices from the auxiliary WBFs using a stochastic selection strategy. Experimental results validate the effectiveness of the developed MWR-DRN in improving diagnostic accuracy.

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