Measurement, Vol. 152, February 2020, DOI:10.1016/j.measurement.2019.107331

Multiple Wavelet Regularized Deep Residual Networks for Fault Diagnosis


Minghang Zhao 1, Baoping Tang 1, Lei Deng 1, and Michael Pecht 2
1 State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
2 Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

Abstract:

As an emerging deep learning method, deep residual networks are gradually becoming popular in the research field of machine fault diagnosis. A significant task in deep residual network-based fault diagnosis is to prevent overfitting, which is often a major reason for low diagnostic accuracy when there is insufficient training data. This paper develops a multiple wavelet regularized deep residual network (MWR-DRN) model that uses one wavelet basis function (WBF) as the primary WBF and other WBFs as the auxiliary WBFs. “Regularized” means that a constraint or restriction is applied to yield a high performance on the testing data. To be specific, the developed MWR-DRN model is trained not only by the 2D matrices from the primary WBF, but also by the 2D matrices from the auxiliary WBFs using a stochastic selection strategy. Experimental results validate the effectiveness of the developed MWR-DRN in improving diagnostic accuracy.

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