Junfu Li 1, Lixin Wang 2, Chao Lyu 3, Dafang Wang 4, and Michael G. Pecht 1
1 Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 USA
2 School of Automotive Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai 264209, Shandong, China
3 School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
4 School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, Heilongjiang, China
Due to the inevitable degradation for lithium-ion batteries, the accuracy of state of charge (SOC) estimation decreases along with battery aging. How to ensure the accuracy of battery SOC estimation during a battery’s lifetime at different operating conditions leaves a big challenge. This work develops a parameter updating method of a simplified first principles-thermal coupling model that has good parameter identifiability and applicability for different operating conditions to ensure the accuracy of the model-based SOC estimation. Because updating all the model parameters offline is time-consuming, this work first conducts a model parameter sensitivity analysis and determines which parameters need to be accurately updated according to their sensitivities. Offline prediction methods are then developed to update the sensitive parameters according to their degradation laws. SOC validations show that the offline prediction methods can ensure the short-term accuracy, but the accuracy will decrease gradually along with the increase of the offline prediction errors of the capacity-related parameters. To address this problem, a multi-time-scale updating method combining the offline prediction and the capacity parameter online estimation is developed. Essential validations are provided to assess the SOC estimation accuracy using different parameter updating methods.