Energies, Vol. 70, pp. 66-70, 2017

A Perspective of the IPC Report on Lead-Free Electronics in Military/Aerospace Applications

Aleksandra Fortieraa, and Michael G. Pecht b
aUniversity of Dayton Research Institute and The Air Force Research Laboratory Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433, USA
b CALCE, Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20740, USA


Significant progress towards lead-free technology implementation has been made in the last decade. However, majority of the successful transition has been done within consumer electronics industry while high reliability military/aerospace products are yet to fully transition. This study discusses viewpoint on the recent IPC report published on lead-free electronics in military and aerospace applications. Additionally, reliability considerations are discussed, and guidelines along with standards for robust transition and implementation towards lead-free technology is presented. A “preventive” transition approach based upon more accurate models of failure mechanisms and life prediction than are currently available will be required in order to assess successful implementation within military/aerospace products and for high reliability to be achieved.

This article is available online here and to CALCE Consortium Members for personal review.

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