Advanced Material Technologies, Vol. 2, Issue 11, pp. 1-9, September 21, 2017, DOI: 10.1002/admt.201700178

Aerosol-Jet Printed Fillets for Well-Formed Electrical Connections between Different Leveled Surfaces

Yuan Gua, Daniel R. Hinesb, Victor Yunb, Michael Antoniakc, and Siddhartha Dasa

a Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
b Laboratory for Physical Sciences 8050 Greenmead Drive, College Park, MD 20740, USA
c Lockheed Martin Rotary and Mission Systems 300 M Street SE, Washington DC 20003, USA


As additive manufacture becomes more prevalent in the fabrication of advanced electronics, there is a need to create well-formed, robust circuitization, and interconnects between components mounted onto different leveled surfaces (DLSs). Here, an algorithm is developed for aerosol-jet printing of fillet structures that enable such a circuitization and hence a smooth electrical transition between the DLSs. The fillets are printed using an ultraviolet-curable polymer ink in the presence of in situ curing. A specific deposition rate is established in order to ensure a precise architecture. Further, a surface smoothing technique is employed to smooth out the stepped surface topology of a fillet resulting from the layer-by-layer printing of in situ cured material. Finally, it is ascertained that the performance of these printed fillets is highly satisfactory by carrying out the resistance measurements of the conducting lines printed over these fillet structures both before and after temperature cycling and establishing the mechanical stability of the fillets by employing an adhesion test. This technology ensures that the fillets not only establish a mechanical integration/attachment of the two DLSs, but more importantly that they also provide a well-formed surface onto which an electrical connection between these two DLSs can be established.

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