Xiaohong Sua, Shuai Wangb, Michael Pechtb, Peijun Maa, and Lingling Zhaoa
aSchool of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
bCALCE, Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20740, USA
Accurate prediction of the remaining useful life of lithium-ion batteries plays a significant role in various devices and many researchers have focused on lithium-ion battery reliability and prognosis. A particle filter (PF) is an effective filter for estimation and prediction of time series data where model structure is available. The prediction accuracy of a PF depends on two key factors: parameter initialization and the state equation. In this paper, parameters are estimated using a PF and two empirical exponential models, i.e. the exponential model and improved exponential model, are used to track the battery capacity degradation; each model uses a different state equation. Experiments were performed to compare prediction accuracy using the related parameters estimation model with that using the capacity decline model; this paper compares the effects of the different state equations on the lithium-ion battery remaining useful life prediction. The experimental results show the merits of the capacity decline model based on particle filtering. The capacity decline model PF is more suitable for estimating the battery capacity trend in the long term.
Complete article is available from the publisher and to the CALCE consortium members.