Sci Eng Ethics, September 2015, DOI 10.1007/s11948-015-9704-7

Conflict Minerals in Electronic Systems: An Overview and Critique of Legal Initiatives

N. Jordan Jameson1, Xin Song2, Michael Pecht3
1,3Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, United States
2Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China


The Democratic Republic of Congo has vast natural resources, many of which are regularly exploited by the electronics industry. Unfortunately, in addition to these resources, there are widespread human rights abuses committed by armed groups entrenched in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo. These armed groups are using profits from these minerals as a source of funding. Their human rights abuses have led to a growing humanitarian interest in the region and prompted the international community to action. This paper explores the conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo, provides an understanding of the link between human rights abuses and conflict minerals, and interprets and critiques the legal actions of the international community.

Complete article is available from the Publisher and to the CALCE Consortium Members.

[Home Page] [Articles Page]
Copyright © 2015 by CALCE and the University of Maryland, All Rights Reserved