ECS Transactions, Vol. 66, No. 1, pp. 205-216, 2015, doi: 10.1149/06601.0205ecst

In-situ Characterization of Defect Dynamics in 4H-SiC Power Diodes under High-Voltage Stressing

Krishna Shenai 1, Balaji Raghothamachar 2, Michael Dudley 2, and Aris Christou 3
1LoPel Corporation, 2259 Palmer Circle, Naperville, IL 60564, USA
2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-2275, USA
3Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA


Wide bandgap (WBG) semiconductor power switching devices, especially those made on silicon carbide (SiC) and gallium nitride (GaN), promise transformative advances in electrical power switching systems because of superior electrical and thermal properties of these materials compared to the semiconductor silicon. However, the progress has been slow despite intense scientific and industrial development. Both SiC and GaN semiconductors contain a high density of crystal defects and the role of defects on the performance and reliability of electrical power switching devices under extreme operating environment is not clear. Using synchrotron white beam X-ray topography (SWBXT), it is shown that the breakdown mechanism in 4H-SiC is initiated at the threading screw dislocations present in the high field regions of a power diode. To avoid this phenomenon from occurring, commercial 4H-SiC high-voltage diodes are rated for punch-through leakage currents rather than for avalanche breakdown condition. Thus, crystal defects in 4H-SiC present a major roadblock for performance and reliability optimization of power switching devices.2.

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