Varun J. Prabhakar and Peter Sandborn*
Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering (CALCE), University of Maryland, College Park, MD USA
Dedicated part selection and management groups within large OEMs are responsible for various tasks involved with managing parts or components used in electronic systems. The tasks range from part adoption to obsolescence management and include numerous assembly and support activities that are performed on a regular basis. Long life cycle electronic systems typically utilize commercial "off-the shelf" (COTS) parts, which subject them to the same supply chain constraints imposed by a market that is oriented towards short-term, high-volume products. Relevant issues involve a high frequency of part procurement obsolescence, reliability concerns, and the risk of long-term supply-chain disruptions. Unfortunately, initial part selection decisions are often driven by procurement management processes with little or no insight into the total cost of ownership (TCO) of the part's adoption and use within the organization. The part total cost of ownership model proposed in this paper enables better informed part selection and management decisions. The paper discusses and demonstrates the model's use in Lifetime Buy (LTB) and Design Reuse case studies for an example surface-mount electronic part. Additionally, the model proposed in this paper is well suited for addressing the impacts of part number reduction, retirement of parts from databases, organizational adoption of new parts, sourcing strategies and part-specific long term supply chain disruptions by influencing initial component selection and providing guidance on what actions taken at the component management level provide the maximum payback (or maximum future cost avoidance).
Keywords: total cost of ownership; through-life cost; long life cycle; electronic systems; part management; product platform design
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