Technological Forecasting & Social Change, Vol. 74, Issue 9, pp. 1519-1538, November 2007.
Office of Naval Research
875 N. Randolph St.
Arlington, VA 22217
National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies (NISTADS)
Pusa Gate, K.S.Krishnan Marg,
New Delhi-110012, India
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742
Science and technology (S&T) allows (1) automation to replace human labor, (2) enhanced human labor capabilities, (3) quicker and cheaper production of goods, and (4) more complex products and processes. In order to maintain competitive advantages, it is critical for any country to understand what other countries are producing in S&T, and what intrinsic S&T capabilities are being developed.
India and China are the two most populous countries in the world. These two dynamic economies are advancing rapidly in S&T, and it is prudent to assess the quantity and quality of their research output as well as to examine trends in their S&T capabilities.
This paper, the first of four in a Special Section on China's and India's S&T, introduces the remaining three papers. Specifically, this paper describes the motivation for the studies, the background for understanding national S&T assessments, an overview of text mining, a brief picture of the Indian and Chinese S&T establishments, and a summary of the analytical techniques used in the assessments.
Complete article is available to CALCE Consortium Members.