To be effective, Design-for-Environment (DFE) of electronic interconnections
must be performed as early in the design cycle as possible preferably prior
to investing in layout and routing, and should be closely tied to design-to-cost
and design-for-manufacturability activities. While lifecycle analysis
(LCA) fulfills critical DFE requirements, it is usually not closely tied
to cost and manufacturability analyses. In this paper we present
a design methodology that focuses on “eco-economics?and includes a combination
of design-to-cost, LCA, and DFE activities. A detailed cost/waste
analysis of two alternative PWB fabrication approaches is presented as
an example of the use of the methodology described herein.
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