Proceedings of the INTERpack 1995, Lahaina, Maui, HI, pp. 991-1000, March 26-30, 1995.

Addressing Defect-Related Reliability and Screening Levels Through Physics Of Failure Analysis

R. Bauernschub and P. Lall


This paper discusses using a physics-of-failure approach to assessing the defect-related reliability of microelectronic components.  In the past, microelectric reliability has been addressed by reliability prediction.  However, the device field-failure rate paradigm in reliability prediction effectively prevents the designer from gaining insight into the -failure mechanisms at work.  Consequently, there is no unified approach to some critical questions: What defects, environmental and test or screen loads are the reliability drivers for the device?  What magnitude of defects should be allowed to pass the screens?  What is the correlation between the defect magnitudes and operational life?  A physics-of-failure approach gas been developed to address there concerns and determine screening levels based on failure mechanisms, failure modes, defect magnitudes and environmental stresses for each design because they are generated from the physics of the interaction between defects and environmental loads.  Some of the potential defects in microelectronic components have been presented.  The approach is illustrated by an example application to wire bond interconnects.

Complete article is available to CALCE Consortium Members.

[Home Page] [Articles Page]