Transaction of the ASME, Vol. 116, June 1994.

Natural Convection Heat Transfer From an Array of Rectangular Protrusions in an Enclosure Filled With Dielectric Liquid

Y. Joshi, M. Kelleger, M. Powell and E. Torres


An experimental investigation of natural convection liquid immersion cooling of a three by three array of rectangular protrusions in an enclosure is presented.  The heated elements geometrically simulated 20 pin dual-inline electronic packages and were mounted on a plexiglass substrate, which formed one vertical wall of a dielectric liquid filled rectangular enclosure.  The remaining vertical boundaries of the enclosure were insulated, while the top and bottom were maintained at prescribed temperature using individual heat exchanger plates.  Protrusion surface temperatures in steady state are reported for a range of power dissipation levels for three flourinert liquids spanning a Prandtl number range from about 20 to 1400.  The influence of enclosure top and bottom surface boundary conditions and its width on element temperatures is investigated.  Non-dimensional heat transfer results are empirically correlated.  Changes in component temperatures due to partial powering of the array are also measured.

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